Inhibiting TLR4 signaling by linarin for preventing inflammatory response in osteoarthritis

The XPERT 80 cabinet X-ray system from KUBTEC was used to X-ray the knee joint in mice, to study methods for preventing inflammatory response in osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common degenerative diseases, ultimately leading to long-term joint pain and severe articular malformation. Controlling local chronic inflammation is a crucial strategy for delaying OA development. Linarin is a natural flavonoid glycoside that is widely available in Compositae, Chrysanthemum indicum and Dendrocalamus and processes protective effects in several animal models. The purpose of our work was to study the protective effect of Linarin for OA. Cellular experiments data showed that Linarin suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-caused the overproduction of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in chondrocyte. In addition, LPS-stimulated expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide nitrate (iNOS) was decreased by Linarin pre-treatment. Together, Linarin prevented the catabiosis of extracellular matrix caused by LPS. For mechanism, Linarin inhibited the formation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) / myeloid differentiation protein-2 (MD-2) dipolymer complex and subsequently intervened NF-κB activation. Our mouse DMM model further clarified the protection of Linarin in vivo. In summary, our results suggested that Linarin may be a potential effective agent for OA.

Weihui Qi, Yanlin Chen, Shuaibo Sun, Xinxian Xu, Jingdi Zhan, Zijian Yan, Ping Shang, Xiaoyun Pan, and Haixiao Liu.

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